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MHA experts have warned that earthquakes with a magnitude of 8.0 or more on the Richter scale are likely to hit the Himalayan region.

According to a Times of India report, expert say quakes with higher intensity than the one that struck Manipur on Monday are likely to rock the region in future. The tectonic shift a series of these recent earthquakes have caused in the region — Manipur 6.7 (Jan 2016), Nepal 7.3 (May 2015) and Sikkim 6.9 (2011) — have re-ruptured the plates that had already developed cracks during previous temblors. This has led to conditions which might trigger multiple earthquakes which may go up to 8.0 in magnitude.

Over the past 200 years there have been at least seven major earthquakes in the Himalayan belt – Nepal in 1803, 1833 and 1934; Shillong in 1897; Kangra in Himachal Pradesh in 1905; Assam in 1950; and Kashmir in 2005. In addition, earth scientists have been able to learn about historical earthquakes by using old or paleo-seismological evidences.

Speaking to TOI, NIDM director Santosh Kumar said the interconnected plates across Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and India pose a bigger danger, and predicted a disaster of bigger magnitude that awaits hill states and parts of Bihar, UP and even Delhi which fall under the second worst seismic Zone IV classification. The North-East and other hill states fall under severe seismic Zone V.

The report quotes Roger Bilham, the seismologist of University of Colorado and an authority on the subject, saying “the current conditions might trigger at least four earthquakes greater than 8.0 in magnitude. And if they delay, the strain accumulated during the centuries provokes more catastrophic mega earthquakes.”

During an earthquake, subsurface soil is liquefied because of a change in the ambient stress conditions. Evidence of this liquefaction and deformation of sediments caused by the earthquake is obtained by digging trenches and collecting soil/sediment samples. The organic matters like peat etc., found in these sediments, can be dated by radioactive carbon or cosmogenic isotopes to ascertain the time of occurrence of the quake. Using this technique it has been possible to infer the occurrences of major earthquakes in the Himalayas in 1125, 1400, 1505 and 1555.

The Himalayas are one of the youngest and most active mountain belts in the world. The range had resulted from the collision between India and Tibet (Eurasia) around 50 million years ago. The process of convergence continues today with the Indian plate diving beneath the Eurasian plate at a steady rate of ~2 cm/year.

Although the rate is very slow, the process has been continuing steadily over centuries, resulting in accumulation of stresses in subsurface rocks. Once the stress overcomes the frictional barrier within the rock, it ruptures (along a fault) and blocks on either side of the fault slips past each other in a flash, resulting in release of enormous energy.

Part of the energy gets converted into elastic waves, which in turn causes vibration that propagates through the ground. If the vibrations are strong enough, they can cause tremendous destruction. The whole of the Himalayas have several such faults. Our study suggests that the fault across which the current slips occurred is the Main Himalayan Thrust or MHT.

Times of India

   Over a month ago
SEND

MHA experts have warned that earthquakes with a magnitude of 8.0 or more on the Richter scale are likely to hit the Himalayan region.

According to a Times of India report, expert say quakes with higher intensity than the one that struck Manipur on Monday are likely to rock the region in future. The tectonic shift a series of these recent earthquakes have caused in the region — Manipur 6.7 (Jan 2016), Nepal 7.3 (May 2015) and Sikkim 6.9 (2011) — have re-ruptured the plates that had already developed cracks during previous temblors. This has led to conditions which might trigger multiple earthquakes which may go up to 8.0 in magnitude.

Over the past 200 years there have been at least seven major earthquakes in the Himalayan belt – Nepal in 1803, 1833 and 1934; Shillong in 1897; Kangra in Himachal Pradesh in 1905; Assam in 1950; and Kashmir in 2005. In addition, earth scientists have been able to learn about historical earthquakes by using old or paleo-seismological evidences.

Speaking to TOI, NIDM director Santosh Kumar said the interconnected plates across Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and India pose a bigger danger, and predicted a disaster of bigger magnitude that awaits hill states and parts of Bihar, UP and even Delhi which fall under the second worst seismic Zone IV classification. The North-East and other hill states fall under severe seismic Zone V.

The report quotes Roger Bilham, the seismologist of University of Colorado and an authority on the subject, saying “the current conditions might trigger at least four earthquakes greater than 8.0 in magnitude. And if they delay, the strain accumulated during the centuries provokes more catastrophic mega earthquakes.”

During an earthquake, subsurface soil is liquefied because of a change in the ambient stress conditions. Evidence of this liquefaction and deformation of sediments caused by the earthquake is obtained by digging trenches and collecting soil/sediment samples. The organic matters like peat etc., found in these sediments, can be dated by radioactive carbon or cosmogenic isotopes to ascertain the time of occurrence of the quake. Using this technique it has been possible to infer the occurrences of major earthquakes in the Himalayas in 1125, 1400, 1505 and 1555.

The Himalayas are one of the youngest and most active mountain belts in the world. The range had resulted from the collision between India and Tibet (Eurasia) around 50 million years ago. The process of convergence continues today with the Indian plate diving beneath the Eurasian plate at a steady rate of ~2 cm/year.

Although the rate is very slow, the process has been continuing steadily over centuries, resulting in accumulation of stresses in subsurface rocks. Once the stress overcomes the frictional barrier within the rock, it ruptures (along a fault) and blocks on either side of the fault slips past each other in a flash, resulting in release of enormous energy.

Part of the energy gets converted into elastic waves, which in turn causes vibration that propagates through the ground. If the vibrations are strong enough, they can cause tremendous destruction. The whole of the Himalayas have several such faults. Our study suggests that the fault across which the current slips occurred is the Main Himalayan Thrust or MHT.

Times of India

   Over a month ago
SEND

Union HRD minister Smriti Irani provided this information in response to a written question in Lok Sabha about whether students have been expelled from various IITs on the ground of poor performance.

"The IITs have a rigorous academic system that prescribes minimum grades to be obtained by the students for continuation in the IIT system. During the year 2014-15, a total of 63 students in undergraduate courses have failed to secure the prescribed minimum grade in 6 IITs, " Irani said.

Out of the failed students 8 were from General category, 9 from OBC, 16 and 30 from Scheduled Caste (SC) and 16 from Scheduled Tribe (ST) category respectively.

"The IIT Council has discussed the matter and implemented a system called Peer group Assisted Learning (PAL) to handhold students who are socially and educationally backward, " she added.

In an unprecedented action by any IIT, the institute at Roorkee had in July this year expelled 73 students whose performance was not up to the mark after their first-year of the BTech programme.

A group of 64 students had moved Uttarkhand high court against the decision, but the court had upheld the institute's decision.

However, the institute reinstated the students in August this year as a "one-time measure" and said they will be on an academic probation throughout the year and have been re-admitted on strict conditions.

The students were taken back on the condition that they will also have to repeat the year and will be bound to clear again all the courses of both autumn and spring semesters of the first year, besides maintaining a minimum attendance of 75 per cent in every subject.

   Over a month ago
SEND

Union HRD minister Smriti Irani provided this information in response to a written question in Lok Sabha about whether students have been expelled from various IITs on the ground of poor performance.

"The IITs have a rigorous academic system that prescribes minimum grades to be obtained by the students for continuation in the IIT system. During the year 2014-15, a total of 63 students in undergraduate courses have failed to secure the prescribed minimum grade in 6 IITs, " Irani said.

Out of the failed students 8 were from General category, 9 from OBC, 16 and 30 from Scheduled Caste (SC) and 16 from Scheduled Tribe (ST) category respectively.

"The IIT Council has discussed the matter and implemented a system called Peer group Assisted Learning (PAL) to handhold students who are socially and educationally backward, " she added.

In an unprecedented action by any IIT, the institute at Roorkee had in July this year expelled 73 students whose performance was not up to the mark after their first-year of the BTech programme.

A group of 64 students had moved Uttarkhand high court against the decision, but the court had upheld the institute's decision.

However, the institute reinstated the students in August this year as a "one-time measure" and said they will be on an academic probation throughout the year and have been re-admitted on strict conditions.

The students were taken back on the condition that they will also have to repeat the year and will be bound to clear again all the courses of both autumn and spring semesters of the first year, besides maintaining a minimum attendance of 75 per cent in every subject.

   Over a month ago
SEND

#Why is #Narendra Modi making more foreign visits ???

1. Now Barack Obama and China supports India’s bid for permanent UNSC seat…..

2. $35 billion investment by Japan over a period of 5 years and along with it their expertise in making bullet trains……

3. Australia is set to sign a Nuclear Power deal with India to supply around 500 tonnes of Uranium to India……

4. Satya Nadella (Microsoft), Indra Nooyi (Pepsico), Sheryl Sandberg (Facebook), Jeff
Bezos (Amazon), Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook) discusses possible investments……

5. Israel inks $5 million deal for Joint Educational Research programme……

6. $20 billion investment from Xi and his Chinese counterparts……

7. 2 Billion Euros support from France for sustainable development in India……

8. Airbus to increase outsourcing in India from 400 million euros to 2 billion euros over the next five years……

9. French National Railways has agreed to co-finance an execution study for a semi- high speed project on upgradation of the Delhi-Chandigarh line to 200 kmph…….

10. Canada agrees to supply 3, 000 metric tonnes of uranium to India from this year to power Indian atomic reactors…….

11. Japan and India agree to jointly produce mixed rare earth.

And While we are all yearning for a transformation, development, etc. There is
someone who is actually setting up the
infrastructure for it……

Marketing of ‘Brand India’ has never been so
important……

Number of days Modi stayed abroad touring
15 countries as a PM on official trips = 45……

Number of days Rahul stayed abroad (Bangkok) without informing his voters = 57…….

Now read the description below:
1. BJP Govt. convinced Saudi Arabia not to charge “On-Time Delivery 1 Premium charges” on Crude Oil – Young Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan & External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj sealed the deal. Saved the country thousands of crores… . .

2. India will build 4 Hydroelectric power stations + Dams in Bhutan (India will get lion’s share in Green energy that will be produced in future from these projects) . .

3. India will build Biggest ever dam of Nepal (China was trying hard to get that) – India will get 83% Green energy produce from that hydro power station for free – in future. . . . .

4. Increased relationship with Japan and they agreed to invest $ 30 Billion in DMIC (Delhi – Mumbai Investment Corridor)..

5. Increased strategic relationship with Vietnam and Vietnam has now agreed to give contract of Oil exploration to ONGC-Videsh (UPA was not ready to take this at all because they were worried about China – and getting into a conflict of interests on south China sea)

6. Increase Oil Imports from Iran, despite the ban by USA. . Iran agreed to sell in Indian Rupees and it saved our Forex, not just for now, but protected India from future currency fluctuations. India also gets to build “Chabahar” port of Iran, encircling Pakistan. Because we well have exclusive access for our Naval ships in this port.

7. Australia- despite Australia being a major supplier of Coal & Uranium. . . NaMo was able to convince Tony Abbott and now Australia will supply Uranium for our energy production. . .

8. China leaning President Rajapakse lost elections in Sri Lanka – Remember UPA lost “Hambantota” port development – read latest report of CIA, where they mention RAW has played a major role in power shift of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka has backed out of Chinese contract and shifted to Indian project managers.

9. With China, as Trade Deficit was increasing, NaMo forced their hand. Anti-Dumping will come soon so China will invest heavily into India. – China has already committed $ 20 billion Investment in India. That’s nearly ₹140, 000 crores.

10. On Security – I think adding Ajit Doval to his team is the best decision by NaMo. See the recent tie-up with Pentagon, Israel & Japan. . Now see how we stopped the Terror Boat and listen to his words … “Any Mumbai like attack from Pakistan and Pakistan will lose Baluchistan!” That’s the language of deterrence that I wa

   Over a month ago
SEND

#Why is #Narendra Modi making more foreign visits ???

1. Now Barack Obama and China supports India’s bid for permanent UNSC seat…..

2. $35 billion investment by Japan over a period of 5 years and along with it their expertise in making bullet trains……

3. Australia is set to sign a Nuclear Power deal with India to supply around 500 tonnes of Uranium to India……

4. Satya Nadella (Microsoft), Indra Nooyi (Pepsico), Sheryl Sandberg (Facebook), Jeff
Bezos (Amazon), Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook) discusses possible investments……

5. Israel inks $5 million deal for Joint Educational Research programme……

6. $20 billion investment from Xi and his Chinese counterparts……

7. 2 Billion Euros support from France for sustainable development in India……

8. Airbus to increase outsourcing in India from 400 million euros to 2 billion euros over the next five years……

9. French National Railways has agreed to co-finance an execution study for a semi- high speed project on upgradation of the Delhi-Chandigarh line to 200 kmph…….

10. Canada agrees to supply 3, 000 metric tonnes of uranium to India from this year to power Indian atomic reactors…….

11. Japan and India agree to jointly produce mixed rare earth.

And While we are all yearning for a transformation, development, etc. There is
someone who is actually setting up the
infrastructure for it……

Marketing of ‘Brand India’ has never been so
important……

Number of days Modi stayed abroad touring
15 countries as a PM on official trips = 45……

Number of days Rahul stayed abroad (Bangkok) without informing his voters = 57…….

Now read the description below:
1. BJP Govt. convinced Saudi Arabia not to charge “On-Time Delivery 1 Premium charges” on Crude Oil – Young Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan & External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj sealed the deal. Saved the country thousands of crores… . .

2. India will build 4 Hydroelectric power stations + Dams in Bhutan (India will get lion’s share in Green energy that will be produced in future from these projects) . .

3. India will build Biggest ever dam of Nepal (China was trying hard to get that) – India will get 83% Green energy produce from that hydro power station for free – in future. . . . .

4. Increased relationship with Japan and they agreed to invest $ 30 Billion in DMIC (Delhi – Mumbai Investment Corridor)..

5. Increased strategic relationship with Vietnam and Vietnam has now agreed to give contract of Oil exploration to ONGC-Videsh (UPA was not ready to take this at all because they were worried about China – and getting into a conflict of interests on south China sea)

6. Increase Oil Imports from Iran, despite the ban by USA. . Iran agreed to sell in Indian Rupees and it saved our Forex, not just for now, but protected India from future currency fluctuations. India also gets to build “Chabahar” port of Iran, encircling Pakistan. Because we well have exclusive access for our Naval ships in this port.

7. Australia- despite Australia being a major supplier of Coal & Uranium. . . NaMo was able to convince Tony Abbott and now Australia will supply Uranium for our energy production. . .

8. China leaning President Rajapakse lost elections in Sri Lanka – Remember UPA lost “Hambantota” port development – read latest report of CIA, where they mention RAW has played a major role in power shift of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka has backed out of Chinese contract and shifted to Indian project managers.

9. With China, as Trade Deficit was increasing, NaMo forced their hand. Anti-Dumping will come soon so China will invest heavily into India. – China has already committed $ 20 billion Investment in India. That’s nearly ₹140, 000 crores.

10. On Security – I think adding Ajit Doval to his team is the best decision by NaMo. See the recent tie-up with Pentagon, Israel & Japan. . Now see how we stopped the Terror Boat and listen to his words … “Any Mumbai like attack from Pakistan and Pakistan will lose Baluchistan!” That’s the language of deterrence that I wa

   Over a month ago
SEND